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A picturesque landscape

Switzerland is situated in the heart of Central Europe, and an attractive landlocked country defined by its mountainous terrain, including the majestic Alps in the south and the Jura in the northwest. Embraced by Austria, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, and Germany, Switzerland encompasses an area slightly smaller than the Netherlands yet boasts diverse landscapes, from rolling hills and plains to expansive lakes. 

It is known for its modern market economy and commitment to a free price system, Switzerland is an active member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). Beyond its economic ability, the country has long been an enticing destination for expatriates. With breathtaking natural beauty, solid infrastructure, and an exceptional quality of life, Switzerland’s cities, including Zurich and Geneva, consistently rank among the top on global livability indices. In 2023, Switzerland secured the Eighth position in the Global Cities and Happiness Ranking, underlining the nation’s appeal and contented lifestyle.

Geographical Location of the country

Switzerland, spanning 41,286 square kilometers, may not boast vast size, yet it offers a rich tapestry within its borders. Positioned at the crossroads of western and central Europe, it shares boundaries with Germany, Italy, France, Austria, and Lichtenstein, making all of Europe easily accessible.

It is renowned for its lakes and mountains, Switzerland features the iconic Swiss Alps in the south and equally impressive Jura Mountains in the north. The country boasts notable lakes like Geneva and Constance, alongside the scenic Rhine River carving through its lands

 Official names of the country are:

Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German)

Confederation Suisse (French)

Confederazione Svizzera) (Italiana)

Confoederatio Helvetica (CH – Latin)

Short forms of the country are:

Short form: Suisse, Schweiz, Svizzera

Int’l long form: Swiss Confederation

Int’l short form: Switzerland

Official language of the country

Switzerland boasts four official languages, each predominant in specific regions. Swiss German holds the majority, with over 60% of the population fluent. In the western region, Swiss French is spoken by 22.8%, and in the south, Swiss Italian is prevalent at 8%. The smallest official language is Romansh, spoken by a mere 0.5% of the population. Notably, 23% communicate in other languages, reflecting the nation’s diverse linguistic landscape. The rise in this figure since 2010 is attributed to growing immigration.

Currency of Switzerland

The Swiss Franc (CHF) serves as Switzerland’s official currency, while numerous establishments, including shops, hotels, and train stations, also welcome euros.

Best time to Travel Switzerland 

Switzerland is a country that can be visited throughout the year. However, the ideal periods to visit Switzerland are the shoulder seasons, spanning from April to June and September to October. During these times, you can appreciate a quieter experience with fewer crowds, pleasant weather, and more budget-friendly options. Mountain resort towns, in particular, are notably serene.

Summer attracts an influx of tourists eager to bask in sunshine and witness blooming wildflowers across the picturesque countryside. Snow in the mountains usually recedes, opening up hiking trails. While mountain resorts reopen, prices surge by almost 50%.

Winter marks both low and high seasons, as summer tourists depart, making room for snow sports enthusiasts. Although prices on the slopes remain unchanged, other parts of the country offer more affordable options, allowing you to revel in a winter wonderland while saving some money.

However, for the convenience of our readers we are categorizing the suitable months.

April to June /Shoulder season

From April to June, Switzerland beckons with its enchanting allure. As winter bids farewell, the snow retreats, bidding farewell to ski slope crowds and paving the way for tranquility. With summer crowds yet to descend, this season unveils an ideal window for affordable accommodation and airfare.

For keen hikers, this period transforms Switzerland into a canvas adorned with wildflowers, particularly captivating around Lake Lugano and Ronco Sopra Ascona. May introduces the delightful tradition of “caves ouvertes,” where local wineries welcome both locals and tourists to savor Swiss wines.

Venture to Ascona in May to immerse yourself in the renowned art festival, Artisti di Strada. Meanwhile, June unfolds a musical celebration in Geneva with the Fête de la Musique. Whether embracing nature’s beauty or indulging in cultural festivities, these months offer a perfect Swiss holiday.

July to August

Switzerland experiences its peak tourist season during the vibrant summer months, characterized by sunny weather and blooming flowers. Prices in mountainous areas may surge by up to 50%, but booking in advance can secure excellent deals. Embrace the lively festival scene, with highlights like Paleo in Nyon and the renowned Montreux Jazz Festival in July. August brings Zurich’s Street Parade, a massive techno celebration that transforms the city into a lively party hub. Summer in Switzerland promises an exciting blend of natural beauty and cultural festivities.

September to October

Switzerland in autumn captivates with its enchanting scenery as vibrant hues blanket the mountain slopes. The weather gets mildly chill yet pleasantly warm during the day, beckons exploration without the summer crowds, making it a more affordable escape. Highlights include a visit to Interlaken for the stunning Jungfrau, exploring mountain trails, indulging in Gruyeres’ fondue, and experiencing the thrill of paragliding over Lake Thun and Lake Brienz.

Main cities of Switzerland 

Following are the major cities of the country:


Geneva, Switzerland is renowned for its population of around 500,000.It embraces the picturesque Lake Geneva and its iconic Jet d’Eau fountain. The charming Old Town invites exploration with its cobblestone streets hosting boutiques, bookshops, and art galleries. Shedding its former austere image. The city is a hub to major international organizations like the Red Cross, United Nations, and World Health Organization which offers ample employment for its highly educated residents. Effortless transport connections further allow easy escapes to destinations across Europe.



Bern is the UNESCO-listed Old City and capital of Switzerland, embraces its symbol, the bear, with the famous Bärengraben. However, the city’s three resident bears now enjoy the spacious Bärenpark by the river. With a population just over a million, Bern attracts expats for its laid-back charm and small-town vibe. The city’s boutiques create a shopper’s paradise, complemented by excellent connections to the rest of Switzerland and beyond, making it a vibrant hub.


It is located in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino. The city stands out as Switzerland’s anomaly. It Graces the shores of Lake Lugano, the town exudes a unique Mediterranean ambiance. It’s no wonder, from here Italy is just an hour away. It is drawn by the charm of a sun-kissed climate, palm trees, and vibrant café culture, expats and visitors alike flock to this sunny enclave in the south of Switzerland to savor a taste of la dolce vita.


It is situated on the border of France and Germany. The famous city attracts visitors in Switzerland with its cozy atmosphere and a population of just under 200,000. Despite its size, the city offers a rich cultural scene. The Old Town (Altstadt) stands as the city’s vibrant core, featuring numerous restaurants and shops. Additionally, Basel hosts major pharmaceutical giants, such as Bayer and Roche that are contributing to its global significance.

Facts and figures about Switzerland

  •      The Red Cross, with its symbol inspired by the Swiss flag, was founded in Geneva
  •     Animals have constitutional rights in Switzerland.
  •     The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) is located in Geneva.
  •     Switzerland boasts over 7,000 lakes, with the largest being Lake Geneva.
  •     The country has four national languages: German, French, Italian, and Romansh.
  •     Almost 30% of the Swiss population is foreign-born.
  •     Switzerland is home to 10,850 named mountains.
  •     Watches became iconic in 16th-century Switzerland due to a Calvinist ban on jewelry.
  •     Switzerland leads in recycling and waste management globally.


In conclusion, Switzerland stands as a remarkable example of stability, prosperity, and neutrality on the global stage. Its commitment to political neutrality, strong economy, breathtaking landscapes, and cultural diversity contribute to its unique identity. While facing challenges, such as balancing tradition with modernity and navigating global dynamics, Switzerland continues to be a symbol of resilience and success.



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